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November 25, 2017
 



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TRADITIONAL

Study Guide

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Human Growth & Development


Human Growth and Development covers material that is generally taught in a one-semester introductory course in developmental psychology or human development. You will learn the major theories and research related to physical, cognitive, and social development, as well as how to apply this knowledge. The exam will require you to demonstrate the following competencies:

  • Knowledge of basic facts and terminology
  • Understanding of generally accepted concepts and principles
  • Understanding of theories and recurrent development issues
  • Applications of knowledge to particular problems or solutions


Topics covered include:

  • Theories of Development
    • Cognitive-developmental
    • Learning
    • Psychoanalytic

 

  • Research Strategies and Methodology
    • Experimental
    • Longitudinal
    • Cross-sectional
    • Correlational
    • Case study
    • Observational

 

  • Biological Development Throughout the Lifespan
    • Prenatal influences
    • Perinatal influences
    • Physical growth and maturation, aging
    • Development of brain and nervous system
    • Motor development
    • Heredity, genetics, genetic testing
    • Nutritional influences
    • Sexual maturation
    • Influences of drug


Perceptual and Sensorimotor Development

    • Vision
    • Hearing
    • Sensorimotor activities
    • Critical periods
    • Sensory deprivation


Cognitive Development Throughout the Lifespan

    • Jean Piaget
    • Information-processing
    • Memory
    • Problem solving
    • Play
    • Environmental influences
    • Lev Vygotsky

 

  • Language Development
    • Vocalization and sounds
    • Development of syntax
    • Semantic development
    • Language and thought
    • Pragmatics
    • Environmental, cultural, and genetic influences

 

  • Intelligence Throughout the Lifespan
    • Concepts of intelligence and creativity
    • Heredity and environment
    • Development stability and change

 

  • Social Development Throughout the Lifespan
    • Attachment
    • Aggression
    • Gender
    • Prosocial behavior
    • Moral development
    • Peer relationships
    • Social/class influences
    • Social cognition

 

  • Family and Society Throughout the Lifespan
    • Abuse and neglect
    • Family relationships
    • Cross-cultural and ethnic variations
    • Social/class influences
    • Family structure
    • Mass media influences

 

  • Personality and Emotions
    • Temperament
    • Self-control and self-regulation
    • Achievement motivation
    • Locus of control
    • Development of emtions
    • Erik Erikson
    • Sigmund Freud

 

  • Learning
    • Habituation
    • Classical conditioning
    • Operant conditioning
    • Observational learning and imitation
    • Discrimination and generalization

 

  • School and Intervention
    • Applications of developmental principles within the school
    • Facilitating role transitions in adulthood
    • Preschool, day care, eldercare
    • Intervention programs and services
    • Training in parenting skills

 

  • Atypical Development
    • Giftedness
    • Consequences of hereditary diseases
    • Learning disabilities
    • Mental retardation
    • Asocial behavior, fears, phobias, obsessions
    • Antisocial behavior, delinquency
    • Autism, Alzheimer’s, Dementia, Parkinson’s, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder


(Taken from “Human Growth and Development,” CLEP: Human Growth and Development Exam—collegeboard.com.)


The required textbook(s) for the Traditional course are listed below.

  • Experience Human Development   
      12th by Diane Papalia and Ruth Duskin Feldman with Gabriela Martorell - McGraw Hill,
        
    ISBN 9780078035142